Below you will find a number of subjects that cover personal injury, risk assessment and information concerning clinical testing. There is also information relating to common compensation scenarios. Helping to further outline the benefits of our protective work and sportswear clothing for your organisation.


Repeating the same motion over and over and over again at work each day.

Four muscles and four tendons make up the rotator cuff. Without these, you wouldn't be able to lift or rotate the arm. The rotator cuff also supports the shoulder joint.

Sufferers of Rotator Cuff injury could experience all or some of these symptoms

  • Notice shoulder is weak

  • Hear or feel popping or clocking when moving the arm

  • Have trouble lifting the arm

  • Experience pain just from lying on it

  • Experience pain when attempt to move the arm

  • Not able to lift things as normal


In a joint venture between GAAARD Protection and the University of Bradford, research is to be undertaken to quantify the benefits of the Scaffshirt system.


Within this research, specific data will be produced to determine what reductions are produced on direct load pressures experienced at the shoulder when carrying, primarily, scaffolding poles.


GAAARD Protection is also developing a digital dynamic calibrated measuring system with real time data analysis to allow the study to determine what the long term benefits on gait when walking with heavy loads on an individuals' shoulder.

Scaffold erectors are at risk of various shoulder problems

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are among the most notorious work-related ailments that plague workers today. In some cases, the severity of MSDs can even go unnoticed until the wear and tear to the employee’s body becomes more pronounced and sadly, recurring.


Not surprisingly, construction workers are the ones who often fall victim to an MSD due to their demanding workload and schedule.


How does an MSD affect construction workers?


In general, any MSD may refer to chronic pain, numbness, or other problems in the knees, shoulders, upper body, as well as spine. However, the risks and injuries related to musculoskeletal disorders can also include:


  • Risk of permanent debilitation and disability

  • Injuries to limbs, back, neck, head and lungs

  • Loss of physical endurance and strength

  • Loss of worker productivity

  • Loss of employment

The causes of musculoskeletal problems in construction are directly related to the type of construction jobs performed. For example, onsite construction often requires workers to over-extend bodily weight limits lifting and moving construction supplies, bags and cartons.


Conducted by the Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Rotterdam, PO Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Occupational Health Service, Maetis arbo Rotterdam.



Serratus anterior paralysis as an occupational injury in scaffolders

Abstract of two case reports:


Shoulder complaints in scaffolders are very common and may result in permanent disability.



They presented two case reports of patients who developed acute shoulder complaints. After lifting weights up to 50 kg both patients suffered an isolated lesion of the long thoracic nerve resulting in serratus anterior paralysis.



Physical signs are unilateral winging of the scapula and loss of strength in the arm. A combined effect of pressure and stretching of the nerve resulted in an occupational injury with a different prognosis of reversibility in both patients.



Shoulder pads in the overall and limiting the weight to carry may prevent future injuries.



Interrelations of risk factors and low back pain in scaffolders

Abstract of report:


To assess with a cross sectional study the interrelations between physical, psychosocial, and individual risk factors and different end points of low back pain.


In total, 229 scaffolders and 59 supervisors completed a questionnaire about manual handling of materials, awkward back posture, strenuous arm position, perceived exertion, psychosocial load, need for recovery, and general health. Physical load at the worksite was also measured with many frequent observations. Interrelations between risk factors and their relation with four end points of low back pain were investigated.


Interrelations were strong among self reported determinants of physical load but showed an inverted trend for both age and total working experience, which could indicate the presence of a healthy worker effect. Weak relations existed between variables of psychosocial and physical load. The multivariate analyses showed a significant relation between high manual handling of materials, moderate perceived general health, high job demands, and low back pain in the past 12 months. Chronic low back pain was significantly correlated with high perceived exertion and moderate perceived general health. Severe low back pain was significantly correlated with awkward back postures, high need for recovery, and high job demands. Finally, low back pain with perceived disability was significantly related to strenuous shoulder positions and moderate perceived general health. All end points of low back pain were consistently associated with physical load whereas psychosocial aspects showed a more diverse pattern.


The findings of this study suggest that work related risk factors may vary according to different definitions of low back pain. Distinct patterns of risk factors might enhance different expressions of it. Scaffolders are a group at high risk of developing persistent forms of low back pain.

Typical Compensation claim amounts for Shoulder Injuries


Shoulder Injury

Severe  £14,600 to £36,500

Shoulder Injury

Serious  £9,700 to £14,600

Shoulder Injury

Moderate  £6,000 to £9,700

Shoulder Injury

Minor  Up to £6,000


Surgery costs taken from a Private Yorkshire Hospital NHS fees similar


Keyhole Rotator Cuff

Hospital/consultant fees   £6660.00

Rotator Cuff Repair

Hospital/consultant fees  £4720.00

Shoulder Repair

Hospital/consultant fees  £5377.00


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Carlton House, Grammar School Street, Bradford, West Yorkshire BD1 4NS. United Kingdom

Company registration number: 12203916

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